ORDERS - DECORATIONS - MEDALS
KINGDOM OF POLAND
Order of the Whit Eagle (...). Instituted by King Lasislas I in 1325. Reorganized by
King Augustus II of Poland, Duke of Saxony. It became a Russian Imperial Order following the absorbtionof Poland into Russia in 1831.
Order of Saint Stanislas (...). Instituted
by King Stanislas II Poniatowski in 1765. A branch of the Order was created in
Russia after the Congress of Vienna. For a detailed history of the order see:
The Order of Saint
Stanislas by Mark Harrison (1996).
Order of Virtuti Militari (Order Virtuti Militari). Instituted by King Stanislas II Poniatowski
in 1792. Renewed in 1919 and again in 1944 by the National Polish Liberation Committee. 5 classes: Grand Cross, Commander, Knight, Gold
Cross, Silver Cross. For members of the order, see The Order of the Virtuti Militari and Its Cavaliers
1792-1992. by Prof. Dr. Zdzislaw P. Wesolowski.
REPUBLIC OF POLAND
Order of Virtuti Militari (Order Virtuti Militari). See above.
Order of Polonia Restituta (Order Odrodzenia Polski). Instituted 4.2.1921. Renewed
22.12.1944 by the National Polish Liberation Committee. 5 classes: Grand Cross, Commander with Star, Commander, Officer, Knight.
Order of the Grünwald Cross (Order Krzyza Grunwaldu). Instituted in 1944.
Order of the Rebuilder of the Polish People's Republic (Order Budowniczych
Polski Ludowej). Instituted in 1945. 1 class.
Cross of Merit (Krzyz Zaslugi). Instituted in 1923. 3 degrees: Cross of Merit in gold,
Cross of Merit in silver, Cross of Merit in bronze.
Polish Military History Books by Prof. Dr. Zdzislaw P. Wesolowski.