ITALY & ITALIAN STATES
ORDERS - DECORATIONS - MEDALS
KINGDOM OF ITALY (SAVOY)
Grand Master: Prince Victor Emmanuel of Savoy, Prince of Naples, son of the last King,
Umberto II, as Head of the Royal House of Savoy.
Order of the Annunziata (Ordine della SS. Annunziata). Established as the
Order of the Collar or the Lake of Love by Count Amadeo VI of Savoy in 1362. Renewed
by Duke Charles III of Savoy in 1518 under its present designation. 1 class: Knights (15 at its foundation, then 20, and an unlimited number
since the 18th c.). In 1859, King Victor Emmanuel II modified its statutes, reserving it for Heads of State and notable personnages (even
non-Catholics and non-nobles).
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro).
The Order of Saint Maurice was established by Duke Amadeo VIII of Savoy in 1434. Renewed and joined to the Savoyard branch of
the Order of Saint Lazarus (see the Order of Saint Lazarus and Mount Carmel under the French Orders). 5 classes.
No longer conferred
after 14.6.1946. The annual Chapiter is held in September at the Abbey of Saint Maurice at Valois.
Military Order of Savoy (Ordine militare di Savoia).
Established by King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia 14.8.1815 . Renewed by King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia (later King Victor Emmanuel
I of Italy) in 1855. Reorganized by the Italina Republic 9.1.1956 as the Order of Military Merit of
Italy (Ordine del Merito militario d'Italia). 5 classes: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, Knight.
Civil Order of Savoy (Ordine civile di Savoia).
Established by King Charles Albert in 1831. Limited to 70 knights all of one class.
Order of the Crown of Italy (Ordine della Corona d'Italia).
Established by King Victor Emmanuel II 20.2.1868. 5 classes. No longer conferred following the death of King Umberto II (18.3.1983).
Replaced by the new Order of Civil Merit of Savoy (Ordine del Merito civile di Savoia).
War Cross (Croce di Guerra al Valore militare).
Established by King ..... 18.1.1918.
Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (Ordine della Stella della Solidarietà
Established 27.1.1947. 3 classes: 1st , 2nd, 3rd. No longer conferred.
Order of Merit of the Italian Repbulic (Ordine al Merito della Repubblica italiana).
Established in 3.3.1951. Received its statutes 31.10.1852. Replaced the two monarchial Orders, the Order of Saint Maurice and Saint Lazarus
and the Order of the Crown. 5 classes: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, Knight.
Order of Merit of Work (Ordine del Merito del Lavoro).
Established in 1951. 3 classes. No longer conferred.
Order of Military Merit ofItaly (Ordine del Merito militario d'Italia).
See above: Military Order of Savoy.
LUCCA and MODENA
Military Order of Saint George (Ordine militare di San Giorgio).
Established by the Duke of Lucca in 1833.
Order of the Eagle of Este (Ordine ... d'Este). Established by the Duke
of Modena in 1855.
Genoese Order of Saint George (Ordine genovese di S. Giorgio).
Established at the beginning of the 19th century.
Constantinian Order of St. George (Ordine Constantiano di San Giorgio).
Established in 1191. Renewed in 1699.
Order of Saint Louis (Ordine di San Luigi).
Established by Duke Charles III of Parma in 1849.
Order of Saint Marino (Ordine di San Marino).
Established by the republic in 1859.
Order of Saint Joseph (Ordine di San Guisseppe).
Order of the White Star (Ordine della Stella blanca).
Order of Saint Steven (Ordine di San Stefano).
Order of Military Merit (Ordine del Merito militare).
Order of Civil Merit (Ordine del Merito civile).
Order of Saint Januarius (Ordine di San Gennaro).
Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit (Ordine di San Ferdinando e del Merito).
Constantinian Order of Saint George (Ordine Constantiano di San Gennaro).
Order of the Two Sicilies (Ordine di Due Sicilie).
Established by Jerome Bonaparte in 1808.
Order of Saint George of the Reunion (Ordine di San Giorgio della Riunione).
Order of Francis I (Ordine di Francesco I).