The Austrian Forces

FM Furst Schwarzenberg (shown at left)
Commander in Chief

Brigade Hesse Homberg
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 2, Hiller (2 Btns.)
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 33, Colloredo-Mansfeld (2 Btns.)
   Hungarian Grenadier Batt. Kirchenbetter (I.R. 34,37,60)
Brigade Lilienberg
   Infantry Regiment Nr. l9, Alvinczy (2 Btns.)
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 48, Vukassovich (2 Btns.)
   German Grenadier Batt. Brezezinsky (I.R. 30,41,58)

Brigade Mohr
   Infantry Regiment Nr.9, Czartoryski (2 Btns.)
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 30, Prinz de Ligne (2 Btns.)
Brigade Lichtenstein
   Infantry Regiment Nr. l6, Lusignan
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 34, Furst A. Esterhazy
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 41, Kottulinski (2 Btns.)
Brigade Bolza
   Jaeger Batt. Nr. 7.
   Plus either I.R. Lusignan or I.R. Esterhazy listed under Brigade Lichtenstein

Brigade Meyer
   Infantry Regiment Nr.7, FML Baron Schroder
   Infantry Regiment Nr. 39, Baron Duka
Brigade Pflacher
   Grenz Infantry Regiment Nr. 6, St. Georger (2 Btns.)
   Jaeger Batt. Nr. 5 (1 Btn.)

Brigade Schmelzer
   *Dragoon Regiment Nr. 1, Erzherzog Johann (6 Sqns.)
   Chevauleger Regiment Nr. 3, O'Reilly (6 Sqns.)
   Chevauleger Regiment Nr. 2, Hohenzollern-Hechingen (6 Sqns.)
Brigade Frolich
   Dragoon Regiment Nr. 6, Reisch
   Hussar Regiment Nr. 4, Hessen-Homburg (8 Sqns.)
Brigade Zechmeister
   Hussar Regiment Nr. 6, Blankenstein (8 Sqns.)
   Hussar Regiment Nr. 8, Kienmayer

Foot Artillery, 4 batteries
Horse Artillery, 2 batteries
(A total of some 60 guns)

Plus the usual engineering and pioneer support units

* Detached to the reserve forces in Galicia.

Also in Galicia:
Staff-Dragoon Division No. 1
Formed in 1812 and commanded by major Albert Haeneke. Served with the reserve Corps in Galicia. In 1813-15 it served with the main army at Leipzig, through Gemany and into France. Dissolved in Galicia in 1816.

Note that the various authorities differ in the composition of the brigades and divisions. Partly this is due to divisions, brigades and regiments being named after their "current" commander. When the commander changed so did the unit name. For this reason I try to also list the unit "number" which did not change. But some lists place units as present that others do not confirm, as with the Warasdiner Grenz being possibly with Brigade Bolza, and some not confirming my listing of Dragoon Rgt. Nr. 6 while claiming that Hussar Reg. 1, Kaiser was attached to Brigade Frolich. I am continually working to resolve these discrepancies.

The 7th (Saxon) Corps of the Grande Armée

C-in-C General de Division Reynier (shown at left)
Chief of Staff: Goure, Adjutant Commandant

General Lieutenant Lecoq

Brigade: Generalmajor von Stiendel
   Libenau Grenadier Battalion (1 Btn.)
   Prinz Frederick Infantry Regimen (2 Btns.)
   Prinz Clemens Infantry Regiment (2 Btns.)

Brigade: Generalmajor von Nostitz
   1st Light Infantry Regiment (2 Btns.)
   Prinz Anton Infantry Regiment (2 Btns.)

Artillery: Major von Grossman
   4th Foot Battery "Rouvroy" (6 pounders)

General Lieutenant von Funck (Originally Generalmajor Gutschmidt)

Brigade: Generalmajor von Klengel
   von Brause Grenadier Battalion (1 Btn.)
   Konig Infantry Regiment (2 Btns.)
   Niesmeuschel Infantry Regiment (2 Btns.)

Brigade: Generalmajor von Sahr
   von Spiegel (Originally Eychelberg) Grenadier Battalion (1 Btn.)
   Anger Grenadier Battalion (1 Btn.)
   2nd Light Infantry Regiment (2 Btns.)

   2nd Horse battery "Hiller" (6 pounders)
   3rd Foot battery "Bonniot" (6 pounders)

General Lieutenant von Theilmann

23rd Light Cavalry Brigade: Generalmajor von Gablenz
   Saxon Hussar Regiment (8 sqns.)
   Polenz Chevauleger Regiment (4 sqns.)
   Prinz Clemens Uhlan Regiment (4 sqns.)
   1st Horse battery "von Roth" (6 pounders)

Major Auenmuller
   1st Foot battery "von Brause" (12 pounders)
   2nd Foot battery "Sontag" (12 pounders)
(A total of some 50 guns between the Division batteries and Corps batteries)

Total Strength: 15,724.
Other sources list 19,334, but much depends on whether one counts "paper" strength or "active and ready for duty", and on what date. What is clear from all unit strength figures is that a far smaller number of men actualy fought in all of these battles than the records seem to show, and that of those on the battlefield only a minority actually "fought". The Prince de Ligne reported than never in his long military service did he ever see more than five battalions engaged at one time.

The Russian Galician Army of Reserve (3rd Army of the West)

General of the Cavalry Tormasov commanding (shown at left)

1st Corps (IX Corps of the Main Army)
General Kamenski

18th Division of Infantry - General Scherbatov
1st Brigade
   Vladimir Regiment (2 Btns.)
   Tambow regiment (2 Btns.)
2nd Brigade
   Kostroma Regiment (2 Btns.)
   Dnieprovsk Regiment (2 Btns.)
3rd Brigade
   28th Jaeger Regiment (2 Btns.)
   32nd Jaeger Regiment (2 Btns)
Grenadier Brigade
   United Grenadiers (6 Btns.)
Corps Cavalry
   Pavlograd Hussars (8 Sqns.)

2nd Corps (X Corps of the Main Army)

Lieutenant General Markov

9th Division of Infantry - Major General Nasimov
1st Brigade
   Nasheburg Regiment (2 Btns.)
   Yakutsk Regiment (2 Btns.)
2nd brigade
   Apsheron Regiment (2 Btns.)
   Ryaski (2 Btns.)
3rd Brigade
   10th Jaeger Regiment (2 Btns.)
   38th Jaeger Regiment (2 Btns.)

15th Division of Infantry - Major General Udom
1st Brigade
   Koslov Regiment (2 Btns.)
  Vitebsk Regiment (2 Btns.)
2nd Brigade
  Kura Regiment (2 Btns.)
  Kolyvan Regiment (2 Btns.)
3rd Brigade
  13th Jaeger Regiment (2 Btns.)
  14th Jaeger Regiment (2 Btns.)

Corps Cavalry
  Alexandria Hussars (8 Sqns.)

3rd Corps*
Lieutenant General Osten-Sacken

36th Infantry Division - Major General Sorokin
   2nd (depot) Btns. of 12th & 15th Inf. Divisions (12 Btns.)

11th Cavalry Division
   5th (depot) Sqns. of 5th & 6th Cav. Divisions (16 Sqns.)
   Lubny Hussars (8 Sqns.)

* The Lubny Hussars were later transferred to Corps Kamenski, and 8 btns. and 8 sqns. went to II Reserve Corps.

Corps of Cavalry
General Lambert (shown at left)

5th Division of Dragoons
15th Brigade
   Starodus Dragoons (4 Sqns)
   Tver Dragoons (4 Sqns.)
16th Brigade
   Shitomir Dragoons (4 Sqns.)
   Arsamass Dragoons (4 Sqns.)
8th Division of Dragoons
24th Brigade
   Vladimir Dragoons (4 Sqns.)
   Taganrok Dragoons (4 Sqns.)
   Sserpuchov Dragoons (4 Sqns.)
   Tatar Ulans (8 Sqns.)
Cossacks ( 9 Regiments)

A total of some 40,000 men and 161 guns.

The Army of the Danube (Army of Moldava)

Admiral Pavel Vasilyevich Chichagov (commanding)
   Chief of Staff General Lieutenant I.V.Sabaneyev
   Chief of Corps Artillery General Major D.P.Rezvy

1st Corps
General of the Infantry Count A.F.Langeron (French Emigrant)

22th Division of Infantry, General Major S.A.Tuchkov II
1st Brigade, General Major M.A.Shkapski
    Vyatka Regiment, Colonel Kushnikov
    Starooskol Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Voyevodsky
2nd Brigade
    Vyborg Regiment, Colonel I.S.Kutuzov
3rd Brigade, Colonel I.N.Durnovo
    29th Jaeger Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel P.O.Prigara
    45th Jaeger Regiment, General Major S.F.Zheltukhin

22nd Foot Artillery Brigade, Colonel Kolotinski

Corps Cavalry Brigade:
General Major Count G.V.Manteifel
    Sankt-Petersburg Dragoons, General Major Count G.V.Manteifel
    Lifland Dragoons, Colonel F.O.Poradovski
    Don Cossacks Regiment, Colonel A.F.Grekov IV
    1st Ural Cossacks Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel S.I.Panteleyev
    14th Horse Battery

2nd Corps
General Lieutenant P.K.Essen III

8th Division of Infantry, General Lieutenant P.K.Essen III
1st Brigade, Colonel V.N.Shenshin II
    Arkhangelogorod Regiment, Colonel P.P.Vykhodchevsky
    Ukraina Regiment, Colonel O.M.Vtorov
2nd Brigade, General Major G.G.Engelgardt
    Shlisselburg Regiment, Colonel I.B.Reren
    Staroingermanland Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel N.N.Ichkov
3rd Brigade
    37th Jaeger Regiment, Colonel N.I.Sutgof

8th Foot Artillery Brigade, Colonel Bastian

Corps Cavalry:
    Seversk Dragoons, General Major L.A.Denisyev
    Smolensk Dragoons, General Major J.J.Gamper
    Don Cossacks Regiment, General Major P.M.Grekov VIII
    2nd Ural Cossacks Regiment
    15th Horse Battery
    8th “pontonnaya rota” [transalation?]

3rd Corps
General Lieutenant A.L.Voinov

7th (depot) Artillery Brigade
    38th Foot Battery
    50th Foot Battery

10th Division of Infantry, General Major Duke I.A.Liven III
1st Brigade, Colonel A.P.Zass II
    Belostok Regiment, Colonel A.P.Zass II
    Krym Regiment, Colonel F.E.Kryushold
2nd Brigade
    Kursk Regiment, General Major A.K.Agalin
3rd Brigade, Colonel J.P.Belokopytov
    8th Jaeger Regiment, Major G.D.Slyunyayev
    39th Jaeger Regiment, Colonel M.F.Akhlyostyshev
    10th Jaeger Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Verbovski I

Corps Cavalry:
    Kinburn Dragoons, General Major A.S.Umanets
    Byelorussian Hussars, General Major S.N.Lanskoy
    Don Cossacks Regiment, Colonel N.G.Melnikov IV
    3rd Ural Cossacks Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Mikhaylov
    4th Ural Cossacks Regiment, “voyskovoy starshina” Nazarov

4th Corps
General Lieutenant A.P.Zass

16th Division of Infantry, General Major Bulatov
1st Brigade
    Okhotsk Regiment, Colonel S.I.Rakov
2nd Brigade, General Major T.I.Zbiyevski
    Kamchatka Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel O.I.Yezerski
    Mingreliya Regiment, General Major T.I.Zbiyevski

16th Foot Artillery Brigade

7th Division of Cavalry, General Lieutenant A.P.Zass
1st Brigade
    Pereyaslsvl Dragoons, Lieutenant Colonel J.A. de Brinyi
2nd Brigade, General Major Count P.P. von der Palen II
    Derpt Dragoons, General Major Count P.P. von der Palen II
    Tiraspol Dragoons, General Major C.J.Repninski
3rd Brigade
    Chuguev Ulans, General Major G.I.Lisanevich
    Don Cossacks Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel I.G.Melnikov III
    Don Cossacks Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel F.A.Kuteynikov IV

7th (depot) Artillery Brigade
    39th Foot Battery
    17th Horse Battery

Reserve Corps
General Lieutenant I.V.Sabaneyev

    Olonets Regiment, General Major P.P.Turchaninov
    Jaroslavl Regiment, Colonel O.K.Sokolovski
    7th Jaeger Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel A.O.Shtegeman
    Olviopol Hussars, General Major N.V.Dekhterev
    Don Cossacks Regiment, Colonel G.A.Lukovkin II
    16th Horse Battery

Total 57,526 men and 180 guns (July 1812). In September, 1812 Tormasov’s 3rd Russian Army of the West and The Army of the Danube connected. The total of the two armies was some 83,000 men. This is their original paper strength, but as Admiral Tshitshagov moved north to enter the conflict he detached units along the way to protect and cover various points. General Oertel in particular was so inactive and lax in joining the Army of the Danube that he was replaced by General Tutshkov II. I have made no attempt to give a running list of these changes.

There are a couple of interesting Russian command features revelaed by this list. First, we notice some Generals listed as in command of divisions and corps are also listed as regimental commanders of units in their command. Although other armies had honorary unit commanders, as with British regimental Colonels and Austrian Inhabers, this is unusual. We also note a variation in the normal command structure with several major generals commanding individual units where we would expect a colonel or lieutenant colonel to command. Were there just too many generals in the Russian army? or was active service so desirable that generals supplanted colonels?

Source on The Army of the Danube:
Konstantin Zalesski “Napoleonovskiye voiny 1799-1815: Biograficheski Entsiklopedicheski Slovar.” – Moscow, 2003. – P.763-767.

The Polish Volhynie Division

The Volhynie campaign, a little known side campaign of the Austrian theater of operations to check Russian advances into Poland. This page lists the units involved and a brief description of their service.

I offer my thanks to Dave Knowles for supplying the Saxon Corps roster, and Siarhei Danskikh in Belarus who sent the basic Army of the Danube information.

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